When in its "stowed" position, the turret rested on a brass ring set in the deck. Dahlgren smoothbores forward of the smokestack were modified to fire hot shot heated in the boilers below.

The lower deck of the Monitor was divided in two by a midship structural bulkhead, forward of which lay the berth deck, officers' quarters, magazine, and shell room. The subsequent battle between the two ironclads was generally interpreted as a victory for the Monitor, however, and produced feelings of combined relief and exultation in the North. Infoplease is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. The main reason why this war was fought, was an attempt to break the confederacy into a union blockade. USS Ben Morgan was a schooner acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. You can update your alerts or unsubscribe at any time. It was fought over two days, March 8–9, 1862, in Hampton Roads, a roadstead in Virginia where the Elizabeth and Nansemond rivers meet the James River just before it enters Chesapeake Bay adjacent to the city of Norfolk. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. The confederates and the union ships basically achieved nothing, but just senseless bombing and shootings on the ship for 4 hours, even though both of the sides knew that there was no way of breaking the blockade. This held exploding projectiles, fuses, and cannon primers. The battle consisted of over more than 1500 people in the union side and more than 1000 people less than the confederate side. USS Merrimack; Engraving by L.H. When, at the beginning of the Civil War, the Union forces abandoned the Norfolk Navy Yard at Portsmouth, Va., they scuttled the powerful steam frigate Merrimack. Her broadside battery of eight heavy guns on each side, coupled with her iron protection, made her a valuable ship for bombardment purposes during the Civil War. Therefore, they stopped attacking the vessels and re. Updates?

During June and July, temperatures in the galley could reach 130°F on an almost daily basis, while in the engine room they approached an unbearable 150°F. Monitor vs Merrimack, also known as the battle of Hampton roads, was one of the most significant battles of the revolutionary war. Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. Do you suppose a cannonball can have the courage to go through all that. USS Minnesota was a wooden steam frigate in the United States Navy. The officers took their meals and socialized in the wardroom, where furnishings included an oak table, hardwood chairs, lanterns, and shelves.

[1]. A ship of 4,636 tons, the Merrimack was 2?5 feet from prow to stern, with a beam of 51 feet 4 inches and draft of 24 feet 3 inches. As the pistons slid back and forth, the rocking motion translated into rotation at the screw shaft. Therefore to sum it up, the real reason why this war was fought was because, the CSS Virginia attacked the Union states, because they were blockading all the states that were not part of the union. Some said she would not steer, and public opinion generally about here said she would never come out of dock." Recommissioning 1 September 1857, Merrimack got underway from Boston Harbor 17 October as flagship for the Pacific Squadron. gun called "the Peacemaker," devised by Stockton and forming part of the vessel's battery, exploded during a demonstration for President John Tyler in February 1844, killing six people, including Secretary of State Abel P. Upshur and Secretary of the Navy Thomas Gilmer. On the following day her brief reign of terror was brought to an end, as she was confronted by the Union’s own purpose designed ironclad Monitor.

t In- berth deck o He red sleeping space for the 48 enlisted men and a few of the unlucky junior officers that made up the crew. Also note the pilothouse of lower dimensions with sloping sides that replaced the original one immediately after the battle at Hampton Roads, plus the heightened smokestack to prevent waves from dousing her engines. Though the Union States had more casualties, the Confederate states still could not break the territory the Union states were blockading. She was named for the Ossipee River of New Hampshire and Maine. As a large nut was tightened on the end of the wedge, the shaft slowly rose up to connect with the yoke on the main beam at the bottom of the turret.

They sank it because they did want to be reminded by their "loss". Captain's cabin (state room on starboard side], 15. (Courtesy of the US Navy Art Collection, Washington, DC). The diagram on the right shows us how the Battle of Hampton Roads was set up. This battle was fought aver a period of two days. The twin-bladed screw propeller was patterned on that designed by marine engineer Denis Griffiths and was the same type as that used on the British warship Warrior. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. Corrections? Throughout summer 1861, Southern newspaper reporters as well as the general public visited the Gosport Navy Yard to observe the work on the Merrimack. USS Young America (1855) was a Confederate steamer captured by the Union Navy’s blockade vessels, and subsequently placed in-service in the Union Navy during the American Civil War. Other defects noted by her crew included a tendency to roll heavily in the sea and the fact that her boilers overheated when under pressure. Northern newspapers began printing reports about "Ericssons Folly" and how this "cheese box on a raft" would slide to the bottom of New York City's East River upon launching. The Virginia, on the other hand, tried unsuccessfully to lure the Monitor into another battle in Hampton Roads harbour.

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