In her only combat mission, she was in action off Libya in 2011, destroying a gun battery outside the besieged town of Misrata. After the war,Iron Duke operated in the Mediterranean as the flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet. [30] On 20 August 2014, Iron Duke received a 21 gun salute as she approached Robben Island to dock at the V&A Waterfront in Cape Town, South Africa.[31]. Iron Duke carries a number of weapons and sensors which make her a multi-purpose combat vessel. On 7 August, the ship again took Jellicoe to Cromarty for another meeting, this time with the Prime Minister, H. H. [11][12], After 18 months of refit and upgrading, by March 2008 Iron Duke was halfway through her Operational Sea Training, in readiness for deployment to the North Atlantic at the end of May. HMS Iron Duke was the lead ship of a class of four battleships, and was the flagship of Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Fleet at Jutland. A high-angle director for the anti-aircraft guns was also added in place of the aft rangefinder. In 1926, she was assigned to the Atlantic Fleet, where she served as a training ship. HMS Iron Duke was the second battleship named after the Duke of Wellington. [39] Fifteen minutes later, Iron Duke had closed to effective gunnery range—some 26,000 yards (24,000 m)—of the German fleet, and took the dreadnought SMS König under fire. She plays a key role in protecting our nation’s interests, from policing vital trade routes to supporting humanitarian aid missions. In 2000, under the command of Commander Ben Key for Atlantic Patrol Tasking (South), Iron Duke was part of the Royal Navy task force—comprising Illustrious, Ocean, Argyll, Chatham, and four RFA ships—that deployed to Sierra Leone during the civil war there.

In March 2012 Iron Duke began a major refit in HM Naval Base, Portsmouth. [59] On 17 June, shore parties from Iron Duke and the destroyer Shark destroyed Turkish guns in the forts protecting the Bosporus on the Black Sea. [8] On the evening of 23 January, the bulk of the Grand Fleet sailed in support of Beatty's Battlecruiser Fleet, but Iron Duke and the rest of the fleet did not become engaged in the ensuing Battle of Dogger Bank the following day. … [18] Iron Duke was back in Scapa Flow by 16 August. • Convertido a pontón almacén de carbón en 1900. Iron Duke was 622 feet 9 inches (190 m) long overall and had a beam of 90 ft (27 m) and an average draught of 29 ft 6 in (9 m). [49], Lord Kitchener boarding Iron Duke on 5 June 1916, On 18 August, the Germans again sortied, this time to bombard Sunderland; Scheer hoped to draw out Beatty's battlecruisers and destroy them. Accidentalmente espoloneó a otro miembro de la escuadra, el HMS Vanguard en medio de la niebla. Under the command of Commander Phil Warwick, Iron Duke sailed into Portsmouth for her re-dedication. She participated in both the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War in the Black Sea and the Greco-Turkish War. The Grand Fleet did not arrive in the area until after the Germans had withdrawn, however. [44] At 21:30, the Grand Fleet began to reorganise into its nighttime cruising formation. President Kabbah of Sierra Leone decreed the school be named after the Iron Duke in honour of their crew completing the construction of the six classrooms.

As a result, the operation was confined to the northern end of the sea. [64], During the Second World War, she was used as a base ship and a floating anti-aircraft platform at Scapa Flow. She was present during the Great Fire that devastated the city. During her six-month deployment, Iron Duke steamed over 31,000 nautical miles (57,000 km), and made 22 port visits to 18 different locations. [28] The fleet departed for a cruise in the North Sea on 26 February; Jellicoe had intended to use the Harwich Force to sweep the Heligoland Bight, but bad weather prevented operations in the southern North Sea. [63], In November 1924, Queen Elizabeth relieved Iron Duke as the Mediterranean Fleet flagship; Iron Duke was then transferred to the 3rd Battle Squadron, Mediterranean Fleet, where she became the squadron flagship. Amongst those in attendance were the present Duke of Wellington and Earl Jellicoe, both related to figures associated with the ship's name and career.

Iron Duke relieved Argyll of her duties in September. Iron Duke and most of the fleet re… En una época en la que los motores, aún eran ineficientes, su aparejo completo, lo hacían particularmente útil para operaciones en el océano Pacífico. Para llegar a su destino, se convirtió en uno de los mayores buques en hacer uso del canal de Suez. [28] She test fired 7.62mm rounds from her General Purpose Machine Guns and Mini-Guns, 3lb ceremonial guns and the torpedo system.

Goldsmith, Robert Frederick Kinglake (1974). Última edición el 19 feb 2020 a las 21:48,, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución Compartir Igual 3.0. The main armor belt covers the majority of the hull which can help protect the ship when angling against large caliber guns. She was the fifth Duke-class Type 23 frigate to be launched for the Royal Navy, at a cost of £140 million. [8], In February 2006 Iron Duke conducted trials in Loch Goil and Loch Fyne. [27][70] Iron Duke's bell is on display at Winchester Cathedral.[71]. Toda la tripulación, fue rescatada. Tras dicha pérdida, el Iron Duke reemplazó al Vanguard como buque de guardia en Kingstown, un papel en el que permaneció hasta julio de 1877. Her affiliated town is Kingston upon Hull, and she is named after Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington (the "Iron Duke"). [56] On 14 October, the ship stopped in Sevastopol. Iron Duke was also open to the public. Chesneau, Roger; Kolesnik, Eugene M. (1979). Her deck was 2.5 in (64 mm) thick. She served in this capacity until the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, when she was moored in Scapa Flow as a harbour defence ship. After returning to port, Jellicoe issued an order that prohibited risking the fleet in the southern half of the North Sea due to the overwhelming risk from mines and U-boats. [16][17], By Friday 13 June Iron Duke arrived in Lisbon, Portugal after two operational stand-offs to determine that she was ready to deploy operationally. Iron Duke has intercepted several large consignments of illegal drugs being sent from the Caribbean to Europe. Iron Duke was now on Maritime Security Patrol in the North Atlantic. [5], During this deployment Iron Duke also visited the Falkland Islands, Brazil, Ghana, Senegal and attended Exponaval 2000 when she made a good will visit to Valparaiso, Chile, to help improve relations with the UK's traditional ally. On the evening of 22 November 1914, the Grand Fleet conducted a fruitless sweep in the southern half of the North Sea; Iron Duke stood with the main body in support of Vice Admiral David Beatty's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron. This was, in part, due to confusion aboard Iron Duke over the exact location and course of the German fleet; without this information, Jellicoe could not bring his fleet to action. This time, eighteen Ju 88s attacked the harbour and surrounding installations. If Iron Duke is kept, we need to assume that the Treaties are modified. [9], In September 2006 Iron Duke, under Commander Andy Jordan, was providing a presence for UK overseas territories in the Caribbean and providing the UK contribution to the US war on drugs. La sala de máquinas del Vanguard, se inundó, lo que evitó que se pudieran usar las bombas, por lo que el buque, se hundió en poco más de una hora. Civic dignitaries also viewed the ship. She continued to serve as an anti-aircraft platform for the duration of the war, and was eventually refloated and broken up for scrap in the late 1940s.

She then moved to Gibraltar for re-supply and the infamous Rock Run. Two 4 in (100 mm) anti-aircraft guns were installed on the forward superstructure. Over 2,500 long tons (2,500 t) of steel from her belt armour was removed during the demilitarisation; in all, 4,258 long tons (4,326 t) of material was removed from the ship, with 202 long tons (205 t) of equipment was added. The fleet was back in port in Scapa Flow by 27 November. [46] Iron Duke returned to Scapa Flow, arriving at 11:30. [57] Iron Duke returned to Novorossiysk on 19 January 1920. In January 2019, the ship was towed out of Portsmouth for a major refit at Devonport, Plymouth. [15], Iron Duke visited her home town, Kingston upon Hull, over the weekend of 26 to 29 April 2008 and was open to the public for six hours. She took part in Exercise Dynamic Guard,[32][33] and Exercise BALTOPS 16. [30] On 20 August 2014, Iron Duke received a 21 gun salute as she approached Robben Island to dock at the V&A Waterfront in Cape Town, South Africa.[31]. Iron Duke's first salvo fell short, but the next three were on target; the ship's gunner claimed at least six hits on the German battleship.

[22] Two days later, the majority of the fleet conducted another sweep into the North Sea, returning to port on 15 October. There, she inflicted significant damage on the German battleship SMS König early in the main fleet action. HMS Iron Duke is the first frigate is in the Type 23 class to be fitted with the ARTISAN radar from BAE Systems. [9] Upon returning from the operation, Iron Duke went to Invergordon for refit; while she was away, HMS Centurion acted as the temporary fleet flagship. Iron Duke opened fire on the crippled cruiser and nearby destroyers with her secondary battery at 19:11 at a range of 9,000 to 10,000 yards (8,200 to 9,100 m). Llegó a ser el buque insignia de la estación naval de China el 31 de agosto de 1871. Iron Duke has intercepted several large consignments of illegal drugs being sent from the Caribbean to Europe. [11] On 7–10 March, the Grand Fleet conducted a sweep in the northern North Sea, during which it conducted training manoeuvres. [27] The ship thereafter proceeded to Constantinople. Iron Duke was now on Maritime Security Patrol in the North Atlantic. [27] She was featured in the film Brown on Revolution, which was released in May 1935. HMS Iron Duke was a dreadnought battleship of the Royal Navy, the lead ship of her class, named in honour of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.

Later in the series of exercises a hurricane hit the simulated island of Bullpoint, allowing Iron Duke to test her disaster relief capabilities including first aid, providing food and shelter to the survivors and helping to rebuild basic amenities. To prevent her from sinking, her crew had to run the ship aground. She served in this capacity for only a year and a half, however. She also fired star shells through the night to illuminate pro-Gadaffi positions for NATO aircraft to destroy rocket launchers, fuel dumps, ammo stores, artillery batteries and command and control centres, whilst also confirming that no civilians were in the area.[2]. Battleship Iron Duke-class HMS Iron Duke Royal Navy (1546-now) 1915 | Matt Cream Matt Sea grey Matt Wine Matt Brick Red; Product timeline . At around 18:14, two large-caliber shells fell near Iron Duke but caused no damage. Zetterling, Niklas; Tamelander, Michael (2009). All aspects of warfare were included in the training, including the infamous 'Thursday War' training exercise. Three of the class (including Norfolk) were later sold-off to the Chilean Navy to serve all new tenures under local names. [13], On 18 April 2008 Iron Duke deployed to Avonmouth to train in sea and harbour safety. This page was last edited on 16 August 2020, at 07:51. [66] On 16 July 1935, she was present at the Silver Jubilee Fleet Review at Spithead for King George V. She attended another Fleet Review, this the coronation review for George VI on 20 May 1937. HMS Iron Duke is a Type 23 frigate of the Royal Navy, and the third ship to bear the name.

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