See more ideas about Day of mourning, First fleet, Fleet landing. This became the name given for the whole week of celebrations. Group of Aborigines with protest sign.
The celebrations taking place in Sydney included a parade and a re-enactment of the landing of the First Fleet of ships bringing people from Britain to Australia. This eventually led to major reforms of the Protection Boards, and eventually to the 1967 Referendum, which approved the counting of Aboriginal people in the national census and gave the Commonwealth power to legislate for them, overruling state law. to help give you the best experience we can. Aboriginal leader who organised and inspired a range of organisations working for Aboriginal rights from the 1930s to the 1980s. 1938: A day of Mourning protest and Aboriginal conference on the sesquicentenary (150th anniversary). He also established National Aborigines Day which was first held in 1940. On the 26th of January that year, many non-Aboriginal people were celebrating the 150th anniversary of the arrival of Europeans in Australia. Caption in magazine:  President Patten (right) reads resolution, 'We, representing the ABORIGINES OF AUSTRALIA ... on the 150th Anniversary of the whitemen's seizure of our country, HEREBY MAKE PROTEST against the callous treatment of our people ... AND WE APPEAL to the Australian Nation of to-day ... for FULL CITIZEN STATUS and EQUALITY WITHIN THE COMMUNITY'. 1 January 1938 – Professor A. P. Elkin, anthropologist and President of the Association for the Protection of Native Races pens an article in support of the proposed Day of Mourning protest. From 1940 to 1955, the Day of Mourning was held on the Sunday before Invasion or Survival Day. The 'Yes' vote is generally accepted as the first step that eventually resulted in the granting of full rights to Australia's Indigenous population.

To listen to our Acknowledgement of Country, click here. Format: Photograph Find more detailed information about this photographic collection: From the collection of the State Library of New South Wales [RAHS Australia Day 1938 - Sesquicentenary Celebrations Collection], Image 21806145 - A Cronulla Lifesavers float, which formed part of the "Australia's March to Nationhood" parade on January 26th, 1938. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website may contain images, voices or names of deceased persons in photographs, film, audio recordings or printed material. Left to right: Pearl Gibbs, Marj Tucker, Wiliam Ferguson, Jack Patten, Bill Murray, unknown, Maggie Murray (the mother of Pearl Gibbs), unknown. The Day of Mourning was attended by Aboriginal activists who came from all over Australia, after organisers requested that only people of Aboriginal heritage attend. After 1955, the day was moved to July and became a celebration of Aboriginal culture. After the march, the APA, led by Uncle Jack Patten and Uncle William Ferguson, held a conference for Aboriginal people. unknown. Unfortunately The Day of Mourning did not achieve its main goals but still managed to unite Aboriginal people demanding their civil rights, and make Australians think about the appropriate date for a national celebration. She was taken from her family at Wangaseda in New South Wales in 1917 at the age of 12 and trained as a domestic servant at the Cootamundra Girls Home. Two old men on that station…are left by themselves in a half starved state. [media]The event was covered by the press and radio, and Prime Minister Joseph Lyons agreed to receive a deputation of the delegates a few days later. The 1938 Day of Mourning was a unique event in Aboriginal history. In 1938 it was the venue for the 1938 Day of Mourning by the Aborigines Progressive Association. From the collections of the State Library of NSW. This image was taken in Driver Avenue, Moore Park. Board established in 1883, which gained legal powers in 1909, when the Aborigines Protection Act was passed, giving the Board wide-ranging control over the lives of Aboriginal people, including the power to remove children from families. Dictionary of Sydney | publisher = Dictionary of Sydney Trust | accessdate =, cite web | url = | title = Day of Mourning 1938 | accessdate =, (Man Magazine, March 1938) (Mitchell Library)), Aborigines day of mourning, 26 January 1938, Australian Aborigines League in Victoria in 1932 and, President Patten addresses conference on Aboriginal Day of Mourning 1938, Aboriginal Day of Mourning, 26 January 1938.
At Brewarrina (in New South Wales) the children are taught by a man who is not a qualified teacher. The protesters' intention was to bring awareness of their plight to non-Indigenous Australians, in order to gain support for their proposal to dismantle the Protection Boards then operating, and extend full citizen rights to Aboriginal people. At the time, Australian Hall was a popular venue for concerts, dances, and other social activities. Many Aboriginal people considered that changing the relevant sections of the Federal Constitution was essential in gaining formal recognition of their existence as people of their own country. In 1968 she became the first Aboriginal woman to join the Commonwealth’s Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs. The Day of Mourning was organised by the Aboriginal Progressive Association (APA) of New South Wales with the support of the Aboriginal Advancement League in Victoria. “The 26th of January 1938, is not a day of rejoicing for Australia’s Aborigines; it is a day of mourning. Images depicting the 1938 Day of Mourning and the Sesquicentenary celebrations of the First Fleet's Landing on Australia Day. Aboriginal girls have been sent to Government Reserves and have not been given any opportunity to improve themselves. That is why the Aborigines Progressive Association has been formed. Some of the key leaders involved in the protest included Uncle William Cooper, Pastor Doug Nicholls, Aunty Margaret Tucker and Aunty Pearl Gibbs. Image 2. After the parade finished, over 1000 Aboriginal people and their supporters took part in a silent march through the streets of Sydney. From the collections of the State Library of NSW. [media]Among the organisers were Bill Ferguson, Jack Patten and other members of the Aborigines Progressive Association, William Cooper and the Australian Aboriginal League, Margaret Tucker, J Connelly, Tom Foster, Pearl Gibbs, Helen Grosvenor, Jack Johnson, Jack Kinchela, Bert Marr, Pastor Doug Nicholls, Henry Noble, Tom Pecham, and Frank Roberts. It was the first national Aboriginal civil rights gathering and represents the identifiable beginning of the contemporary Aboriginal political movement. Aboriginal activist from La Perouse who spoke at the Day of Mourning in 1938.

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