A dock landing ship (also called Landing Ship, Dock or LSD) is an amphibious warfare ship with a well dock to transport and launch landing craft and amphibious vehicles. It was an answer to the problem of launching small craft rapidly.
Named after a county in Virginia, the ship was constructed by National Steel and Shipbuilding Company of San Diego, California. Some ships with well decks, such as the Soviet Ivan Rogov class, also have bow doors to enable them to deliver vehicles directly onto a beach (like a tank landing ship). A dock landing ship (also called landing ship, dock or LSD) is an amphibious warfare ship with a well dock to transport and launch landing craft and amphibious vehicles. An amphibious warfare ship is an amphibious vehicle warship employed to land and support ground forces, such as marines, on enemy territory during an amphibious assault. In the United States Navy, two related groups of vessels classified as LSDs are in service as of 2011, the Whidbey Island and Harpers Ferry classes, mainly used to carry hovercraft (LCACs), operate helicopters, and carry Marines.. The Type 071 is a class of Chinese amphibious transport dock ships in service with the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).
 Comment ajouter mes sources ? Recent deployments have instead filled the well deck with a combination of LCU(s), AAVs, Tanks, LARCs The Landing Ship Gantry was a converted tanker with a crane to transfer its cargo of landing craft from deck to sea - 15 LCM in a little over half an hour.. The Dutch and Spanish collaborated on the "Enforce" design which entered service as the Rotterdam-class amphibious transport dock and Galicia-class landing platform dock. A ship with a well deck (docking well) can transfer cargo to landing craft in rougher seas than a ship that has to use cranes or a stern ramp. The LSD had a floodable well deck aft, like a miniature dry dock. The predecessor of all modern LSDs is Shinshū Maru of the Imperial Japanese Army, which could launch her infantry landing craft using an internal rail system and a stern ramp.
However, cost overruns and delays saw the shipbuilder removed from the project, and the incomplete ship was towed to Govan for finishing by BAE Systems Naval Ships. "World Wide Landing Ship Dock/Landing Platform Dock", "The US Navy -- Fact File: Dock Landing Ship - LSD", US Navy Office of Information Fact File – LSD, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dock_landing_ship&oldid=983915502, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A second one in trials, to be commissioned September 2020, two more building to an improved design, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 01:03. Un Landing Ship Dock (LSD) est la désignation, selon la liste des codes des immatriculations des navires de l'US Navy, un bâtiment militaire de transport de chalands de débarquement, comportant un radier immergeable, d'où peuvent débarquer des troupes (fusiliers marins ou marines à bord de véhicules d' infanterie (chars de combat, véhicules de transport de troupes, véhicules du génie, véhicules … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Additional ships were built after combat experience validated the concept, but most were completed after the Japanese invasions of the early war, and used primarily as troopships during later operations. They are based on the Dutch-Spanish Royal Schelde Enforcer design and intended as a replacement for the Round Table-class logistics ships. The LSD could carry 36 LCM at 16 knots (30 km/h). In modern amphibious warfare usage, a well dock or well deck, officially termed a wet well in U.S. Navy instructions when the well deck is flooded for operations, is a hangar-like deck located at the waterline in the stern of some amphibious warfare ships. The Type 071 provides the PLAN with capabilities and flexibility not found in its previous landing ships. The LST was launched in 1970 and was commissioned into the USN in 1971. During her career with the RFA, Largs Bay served as the British ship assigned to patrol the Falkland Islands in 2008, and delivered relief supplies following the 2010 Haiti earthquake. USS Saginaw (LST-1188) was the tenth of the Newport-class tank landing ships of the United States Navy which replaced the traditional bow door-design tank landing ships (LSTs). Juan Carlos I is a multi-purpose amphibious assault ship-aircraft carrier in the Spanish Navy. The British Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) operates three Bay-classlanding ships based on the Dutch-Spanish Enforcer design in support of the Royal Navy's operations, while a fourth ship of the class – previously in RFA service – is now operated by the Royal Australian Navy. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 1 août 2019 à 03:31.
Landing craft carriers or landing craft depot ships were an innovative type of amphibious warfare ship developed by the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II. It could carry tank-laden LCTs over oceanic distances then flood its well deck off a landing beach and launch the craft. Saginaw was decommissioned on 28 June 1994 and was transferred to the Royal Australian Navy on 28 August that year. It took one and a half hours for the dock to be flooded down and two and half to pump it out. Production of landing craft peaked during World War II, with a significant number of different designs produced in large quantities by the United Kingdom and United States. Un Landing Ship Dock (LSD) est la désignation, selon la liste des codes des immatriculations des navires de l'US Navy, un bâtiment militaire de transport de chalands de débarquement, comportant un radier immergeable, d'où peuvent débarquer des troupes (fusiliers marins ou marines à bord de véhicules d'infanterie (chars de combat, véhicules de transport de troupes, véhicules du génie, véhicules amphibie, etc) stockés en hangar (dock). USS Harpers Ferry (LSD-49), a United States Navy dock landing ship, A dock landing ship (also called Landing Ship, Dock or LSD) is an amphibious warfare ship with a well dock to transport and launch landing craft and amphibious vehicles. The LSD could carry 36 LCM at 16 knots (30 km/h). The second ship of that name, Saginaw was named after the river in Michigan. Thirteen Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM) could be launched from these ships down the chute. They were designated landing ship logistics (LSL). Built by BAE Systems, the ship was dedicated into the RFA at the end of 2006.
They are capable of transporting tracked or wheeled vehicles and troops from amphibious assault ships to beachheads or piers. Modern dock landing ships also operate helicopters. Features  The US Navy hull classification symbol for a ship with a well deck depends on its facilities for aircraft – a (modern) LSD has a helicopter deck, an LPD also has a hangar, and an LHD or LHA has a full-length flight deck. When flooded they could also be used as docks for repairs to small craft. The Landing Craft Utility (LCU) is a type of boat used by amphibious forces to transport equipment and troops to the shore. The "Landing Ship Stern Chute", which was a converted train ferry, was an early attempt. Dock Landing Ships support amphibious operations including landings via Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC), conventional landing craft and helicopters, onto hostile shores by transporting and launching amphibious craft and vehicles with their crews and embarked personnel in amphibious assault operations. The design was developed and built in the US for the USN and the Royal Navy. Si vous disposez d'ouvrages ou d'articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l'article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références ». The ships are generally designed to transport troops into a war zone by sea, primarily using landing craft, although invariably they also have the capability to operate transport helicopters. USS Fairfax County (LST-1193) was the fifteenth of twenty Newport-class tank landing ships of the United States Navy (USN) which replaced the traditional bow door-design tank landing ships (LSTs).
She was named after Largs Bay in Ayrshire, Scotland, and entered service in November 2006. Lyme Bay entered service in late 2007; the last ship of the class to join the RFA. An amphibious assault ship is a type of amphibious warfare ship employed to land and support ground forces on enemy territory by an amphibious assault.
Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site. The LSD (US Navy hull classification for Landing Ship, Dock) came as a result of a British requirement during the Second World War for a vessel that could carry large landing craft across the seas at speed. The Whidbey Island-class dock landing ship is a dock landing ship of the United States Navy. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. https://www.britannica.com/technology/dock-landing-ship. A dock landing ship (also called landing ship, dock or LSD) is an amphibious warfare ship with a well dock to transport and launch landing craft and amphibious vehicles. The design evolved from aircraft carriers converted for use as helicopter carriers. An amphibious transport dock, also called a landing platform/dock (LPD), is an amphibious warfare ship, a warship that embarks, transports, and lands elements of a landing force for expeditionary warfare missions.1 Several navies currently operate this kind of ship. RFA Mounts Bay is a Bay-class auxiliary landing ship dock of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Former US LSDs include the Ashlandclass, Casa Grandeclass, Thomastonclass and Anchorageclass. In the United States Navy, two related groups of vessels classified as LSDs are in service as of 2011, the Whidbey Island and Harpers Ferry classes, mainly used to carry hovercraft (LCACs), operate helicopters, and carry Marines. The British Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) operates three Bay-class landing ships based on the Dutch-Spanish Enforcer design in support of the Royal Navy's operations, while a fourth ship of the class – previously in RFA service – is now operated by the Royal Australian Navy. Former US LSDs include the Ashland class, Casa Grande class, Thomaston class and Anchorage class. Two ships each were ordered from Swan Hunter and BAE Systems Naval Ships. 27 were planned of which twenty were completed, the high number due to the demands of US force projection estimates. Dock Landing Ships support amphibious operations including landings via Landing Craft, Air Cushion (LCAC), conventional landing craft and helicopters, onto hostile shores.
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